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Effects of Climate Change

By: Joe Lewis


Climate change is one of the most pressing issues of our time, with far-reaching consequences for not just the environment but for human health and the global economy as well. The effects of climate change are undeniable and have been the subject of numerous studies and reports. This article will delve into the most significant impacts of climate change and the sources that support these findings.


One of the most visible effects of climate change is the rise in global temperatures. According to NASA, global temperatures have increased by 1.9 °F (-16.72 °C) since the late 19th century. This increase in temperature is causing ice caps and glaciers to melt, which is leading to rising sea levels. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which is an intergovernmental body of the United Nations that advances the knowledge of climate change causes by human activities, (IPCC) estimates that sea levels could rise by up to 3 feet (0.91 m) by the end of the century, leading to more frequent and severe floods, as well as the loss of coastal habitats and infrastructure. In recent years we have seen several crises occur including the world’s temperatures rising to higher than ever before, disappearing coast in Louisiana, and the submergence of land in Florida as well as the eroding beaches in Florida


Extreme weather events, such as hurricanes, typhoons, and cyclones, are becoming more frequent and intense due to climate change. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Which is an organization that aims to enrich the lives of people through science and knowledge, reports that the number of Category 4 and 5 hurricanes has increased in recent years. In the past 3 years(2019-2023) there have been 28 total hurricanes with 3 of those being in the category 4 and 5 range which is much higher than that of the 3 years before that. Droughts, heatwaves, and wildfires are also becoming more common, leading to crop failures, water shortages, and wildlife loss. The Canadian Wildfires are an example of the ravishing effects of climate change, causing billions of dollars of damage and several lives being impacted. The IPCC projects that extreme weather events will continue to increase in frequency and intensity in the coming decades.


The Impact of Climate change is not solely environmental, It is also affecting human health. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that climate change is already causing tens of thousands of deaths each year from heat stress, malnutrition, and disease. The rise in temperatures and the resulting increase in air pollution is causing a rise in respiratory illnesses, such as asthma. The spread of disease-carrying insects, such as mosquitoes, is also increasing, leading to a rise in infectious diseases like malaria and dengue fever. Disease carrying insects are the cause of over one-million deaths each year, which has gained them the moniker of “The Most Dangerous Animal.”

The economic impact of climate change is also significant. The World Bank estimates that climate change could cost the global economy $1.5 trillion by 2030. The cost of repairing damage caused by extreme weather events is increasing, as is the cost of insuring against such events, with some even being denied flood insurance due to them being in areas that hardly ever flood.

In conclusion, the effects of climate change are far-reaching and have significant impacts on the environment, human health, economies, and societies around the world. The sources cited in this article, including NASA, IPCC, NOAA, WHO, and the World Bank, provide ample evidence that climate change is a serious threat that requires immediate action. It is up to all of us to take action now to mitigate the effects of climate change and work towards a sustainable future for all.


Citations:Works Cited

IPCC. “IPCC — Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.” Ipcc.ch, IPCC, 2022, www.ipcc.ch/.

NASA. “National Aeronautics and Space Administration.” NASA, NASA, 17 Feb. 2021, www.nasa.gov/.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. “National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.” Noaa.gov, 2008, www.noaa.gov/.

World Bank. “World Bank Group - International Development, Poverty, & Sustainability.” World Bank, 2021, www.worldbank.org/en/home.

World Health Organization. “World Health Organization.” Who.int, World Health Organization, 2020, www.who.int/.



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